Key Milestones

Foundation of the European Forum on Quality in VET

In May 2001 the European Forum on Quality in VET was founded by the European Commission. It provided, for the first time, a sustainable platform for collaboration between the Member countries, Social Partners and the European Commission in the area of quality assurance in vocational education and training. The forum developed a work programme for 2001 and 2002, focusing its work in the following central areas:

  • Quality management approaches for VET providers
  • Self-assessment in VET institutions
  • Types of examination and certification practices
  • Indicators for a European quality in VET strategy

For further information:

European Forum on Quality in VET: Work Programme 2001-2002.


Technical Working Group on Quality in VET

The Technical Working Group on Quality in vocational education and training (TWG) was established in 2002 by the European Commission’s Directorate-General Education and Culture in order to advance the common European goals in quality in vocational education and training defined in the course of the Copenhagen Process. The TWG fulfilled its mandate by:

  • Identifying quality indicators, based on good practice, for vocational education and training at system level,
  • Designing a Common Reference Framework for the development and reform of quality systems in vocational education and training based on developments from Member States
  • Developing methods and instruments to support self-evaluation and quality assurance.

Common Quality Assurance Framework (CQAF)

The Common Quality Assurance Framework for European vocational education and training was developed in 2004 by the Technical Working Group on Quality Assurance in VET in the context of the Copenhagen Process.

CQAF is a quality management framework based on best practices from Member States. The model was aimed at serving as a reference for the development and reform of quality in national vocational education and training systems by describing basic principles, criteria and instruments for the implementation of quality assurance processes.

The European Quality Assurance Reference Framework is based on and improves the CQAF

For further information:

Fundamentals of a "Common European Quality Assurance Framework" for VET in Europe


European Network on Quality Assurance in VET (ENQA-VET)

In October 2005, ENQA-VET was established by the European Commission in order to continue the work of the Technical Working Group on Quality in VET and provide a sustainable platform for members (representing 22 Member countries) to support the implementation of the Copenhagen Declaration.

ENQA-VET provided support to its members and the Commission as they worked together in reaching an increased level of understanding of the importance of quality assurance in VET and working towards the achievement of common priorities and objectives.

ENQA-VET, by implementing its work programme, developed:

  • a culture and shared understanding of quality assurance and continuous improvements across the EU
  • a sustainable platform for quality assurance on which mutual trust was  built
  • common instruments and guidelines for the development of quality assurance in VET systems   

EQAVET builds on the results and outcomes achieved by ENQA-VET (2005-2009)

Information on progress made in Members States on quality assurance in VET can be accessed in the ENQA-VET Progress Report 2008-2009.

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