European cooperation in education and training is a key driver of reform and has created new ways of working between Member States and other key stakeholders throughout the continuum of the lifelong learning process. The Bologna Process in higher education, the Education and Training Work Programme 2010 and its successor, the Renewed Education Strategy 2020, and an increased focus on the importance of early years and adult education in a lifelong learning context have contributed to creating an enhanced awareness of the importance of holistic approaches to policymaking in education and training and the need to focus on issues of context when addressing implementation issues.


European Policy

Vocational education and training plays a key role in enhancing Europe's competitiveness and innovation, providing the skills, knowledge and competences needed in the labour market. It is therefore an essential part of the EU's strategy that emphasises cooperation between Member States.

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European Quality Assurance Reference Framework

The European Quality Assurance Reference Framework (Reference Framework) is designed to promote better vocational education and training by providing authorities with common tools for the management of quality.

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European VET Initiatives

An important part of the European co-operation in VET is the development of common European frameworks and tools to enhance the transparency, recognition and quality of competences and qualifications, supporting the mobility of learners and workers.

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