Definition 1: Systematic, long-term training alternating periods at the workplace and in an educational institution or training centre. The apprentice is contractually linked to the employer and receives remuneration (wage or allowance). The employer assumes responsibility for providing the trainee with training leading to a specific occupation.
Comment: In French, the term ʻapprentissageʼ relates to both apprenticeship and the process of learning (see ʻlearningʼ)
• the German ʼdual systemʼ is an example of apprenticeship.
Source: Cedefop, 2008c.
Source: Glossary- Quality in education and training CEDEFOP, Luxembourg: Publications Office of the European Union, 2011
Definition 2: Apprenticeship is a combination of on-the-job training and related instruction in which workers learn the practical and theoretical aspects of a highly skilled occupation. Apprenticeship programs can be sponsored by individual employers, joint employer and labor groups, and/or employer associations.
Source: A to Z Index .US Department of Labour.
Definition 3: A system of training regulated by law or custom which combines on‐the‐job training and work experience while in paid employment with formal (usually off‐the‐job training). The apprentice enters into a contract of training or training agreement with an employer which imposes mutual obligations on both parties.
Source: Glossary in A shared responsibility-apprenticeships for the 21st century, Australia Government