DEFINITION: A variable used to stand in for one that is difficult to measure directly.
COMMENT: Cost, complexity and/or the timeliness of data collection may prevent a result from being measured directly. In this case, proxy indicators may reveal performance trends and make managers aware of potential problems or areas of success.
SOURCE: Handbook on Monitoring and Evaluating for Results.. UNDP, Evaluation Office, NY, 2002.
RELATED TERMS: indicator system, educational indicator, input indicator, outcome indicator, output indicator, performance indicator, proxy indicator, quality indicator, statistical indicator, supplementary indicator