Czech Republic - Developing more flexible VET qualifications to respond to students’ needs
All initial VET programmes in the Czech Republic are school-based with elements of work based learning (WBL) – this practical training and work placements are an integral part of the curricula. Vocational and technical programmes at upper secondary level last three or four years (EQF Level 3- 4). The three-year vocational programmes at EQF 3 (students take a final examination and they are awarded a ’vocational certificate’) enable graduates to enter the labour market directly and perform manual occupations (such as bricklayer, hairdresser). Graduates of these programmes can follow a two-year follow-up programme (EQF Level 4) and take a maturita examination. Success in this examination enables access to higher education. The four-year technical programmes (learners take the ‘maturita’ school leaving examination) enable graduates to enter higher education or perform mid-level technical, business and other jobs (such as civil engineering technician, IT system administrator).
Since the start of the 2012/13 school year, 50 secondary schools have piloted a new type of four-year programme which enables learners to acquire both the vocational certificate and the maturita. Students take the vocational examination after three years and the maturita examination after the fourth and final year of the programme. The pilot scheme aims is to strengthen the position of graduates on the labour market and prevent young people leaving education without a qualification – any student who does not pass the maturita has a vocational certificate and is fully qualified to enter the labour market.
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For more information on this case study, contact:
Agency: National Institute for Education
Weilova 1271/6, 102 00 Prague, Czech Republic
This case study was prepared in 2017 as part of the work on EQAVET+ organised by the EQAVET Network.