How can you ensure that involvement is genuine and not tokenistic?

How important is it to gain consensus even though stakeholders’ views sometimes conflict?

How can you ensure that there is a genuine shared responsibility for quality assurance?

- How do you ensure social partners’ involvement is genuine and valued?

The 2008 reforms of VET in Luxembourg have reinforced the role of stakeholders through the creation of the national VET committee comprising all the relevant partners: ministries, social partners, learners, training providers, students, parents etc.

In Germany all the responsible organisations, including the ministries, the chambers of commerce and the social partners are involved in developing VET.

In Finland, competence based qualifications have been designed by the ministry, trade unions, employers, training providers, teacher unions and student unions to ensure they are a fair way of assessing learners’ skills. The assessment itself is conducted by employers and training providers as well as the student’s self-assessment of their work.

Lessons Learnt

In all systems (and particularly in those that rely on legislation) gaining consensus is critical to success.

Time spent winning the “hearts and minds” of national and regional partners is time well spent.

Ad hoc arrangements which involve stakeholders are not sufficient; structural arrangements and systems need to be in place.

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