Indicative Descriptors (Planning)

The indicative descriptors can help Member States to review their quality assurance system and gauge how much progress has been made. The following analysis presents two contrasting statements for each descriptor. You are invited to consider which of these statements best describes your own system. The indicative descriptors cover all four stages of the quality cycle.

Goals/objectives of VET are described for the medium and long term, and linked to European goals.

Would you describe your system as one where:

  1. all stakeholders, including employers and social partners are clear about what the VET system is seeking to achieve
  2. stakeholders are confused or lack clarity about what the VET system is seeking to achieve

If you would like to see how other Member States have addressed this issue, you can review the case studies or review how the following building blocks have been used to support progress against this indicative descriptor.

- Austria - building a culture of quality assurance
- Austria - working within a national framework
- Finland - Quality Management Recommendation
- Germany - developing an annual plan
- Slovenia - a staged approach to using indicators

 

Member States who focus on this indicative descriptor are more likely to make progress on the following indicator(s) 

The relevant stakeholders participate in setting VET goals and objectives at the different levels.

Would you describe your system as one where:

  1. all stakeholders report that they are fully involved in setting out what the VET system is seeking to achieve
  2. decisions on goals and objectives are made by small or unrepresentative groups

If you would like to see how other Member States have addressed this issue, you can review the case studies or review how the following building blocks have been used to support progress against this indicative descriptor.

- Austria - setting clear roles and responsibilities
- Austria - support to training providers
- Austria - working within a national framework
- Czech Republic - a final examination
- Estonia - school councils
- Finland - skills demonstrations and the national evaluation of learning outcomes
- Germany - the chambers of commerce
- Italy - the national reference point
- Luxembourg - developing the VET curriculum
- Luxembourg - setting up a stakeholder committee
- Norway - involvement of social partners at a regional level
- Norway - involvement of social partners at a national level

 

Member States who focus on this indicative descriptor are more likely to make progress on the following indicator(s) 

Targets are established and monitored through specific indicators (success criteria).

Would you describe your system as one where:

  1. all stakeholders know how the targets will be established and monitored
  2. there is a lack of clarity surrounding who sets and monitors the targets

If you would like to see how other Member States have addressed this issue, you can review the case studies or review how the following building blocks have been used to support progress against this indicative descriptor.

- Austria - working within a national framework
- Germany - chambers of commerce
- The Netherlands - linking funding to performance

 

Member States who focus on this indicative descriptor are more likely to make progress on the following indicator(s) 

Mechanisms and procedures have been established to identify training needs.

Would you describe your system as one where:

  1. all stakeholders are clear about, and are involved in identifying society’s training needs
  2. there is confusion or a lack of clarity around how and when society’s training needs are identified

If you would like to see how other Member States have addressed this issue, you can review the case studies or review how the following building blocks have been used to support progress against this indicative descriptor.

- Austria - working within a national framework
- Germany - the chambers of commerce
- Germany - developing an annual plan
- Germany - supporting employability
- Italy - a regional accreditation system
- Norway - involvement of social partners at a regional level
- Norway - involvement of social partners at a national level
- Portugal - linking funding to accreditation
- Spain - supporting the autonomous regions

 

Member States who focus on this indicative descriptor are more likely to make progress on the following indicator(s) 

An information policy has been devised to ensure optimum disclosure of quality results / outcomes subject to national / regional dataprotection requirements.

Would you describe your system as one where:

  1. all stakeholders, including training providers and students, are clear where information on performance can be found
  2. information on results is compartmentalised, partial or not easily available to trainers, students and other stakeholders

If you would like to see how other Member States have addressed this issue, you can review the case studies or review how the following building blocks have been used to support progress against this indicative descriptor.

- Austria - working within a national framework
- Finland - student feedback
- The Netherlands - publishing inspection outcomes on the internet
- The Netherlands - a common understanding of indicators and data

 

Member States who focus on this indicative descriptor are more likely to make progress on the following indicator(s) 

Standards and guidelines for recognition, validation and certification of competences of individuals have been defined.

Would you describe your system as one where:

  1. all stakeholders are clear about which training programmes have been recognised or validated
  2. stakeholders find it difficult to distinguish between approved and non-approved programmes

If you would like to see how other Member States have addressed this issue, you can review the case studies or review how the following building blocks have been used to support progress against this indicative descriptor.

- Austria - working within a national framework
- Cyprus - funding linksed to quality assurance
- Cyprus - on-line accreditation
- Estonia - licensing training providers
- Estonia - self evaluation
- Finland - designing qualifications
- Finland - skills demonstrations and national evaluation of learning outcomes
- Italy - a regional accreditation system
- Romania - a two-stage accreditation process
- Spain - creating a three-tiered evaluation system

 

Member States who focus on this indicative descriptor are more likely to make progress on the following indicator(s) 

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