Indicator 4. Completion rate in VET programmes

The material gathered below is part of the information provided by EQAVET on the state of play in quality assurance in VET systems among Member States. These practices have been provided by some Member States in the context of the work undertaken by the EQAVET work on Indicators, 2011.  


In Denmark, completion rate and employment rate are the most important indicators of quality in VET.

  • The completion percentage is a measure of the proportion of students who have started an education programme the year in question, and who finish that programme. The actual completion percentage of a cohort cannot be established until a certain number of years after the official length of the programme. Therefore, the completion percentages in this chapter have been calculated by model.
  • An assisting indicator has been developed that calculates how many students have dropped out of an IVET program six months after the beginning without starting in another IVET program. The reason for this indicator is that it takes up to 5 years to know whether students complete their VET program. The time delay is too large to react in time.
  • The assisting indicator on drop out is used in the yearly action plan which all VET institutions must prepare. VET institutions set up individual goals for reducing drop out and point out the most important actions and initiatives to be taken in order to reach that goal. Every year the VET institutions revise and evaluate the plan. The Ministry of Education follows up on every plan each year

More information is available here


In Estonia, the most important indicators of quality in place are:
- Percentage of graduates who pass qualification exam of relevant profession (by curriculum groups)
- Percentage of drop-outs (by curriculum groups)
More information is available here


In Romania, there are in place the following indicators that provide additional information:

  • Annual dropout rates: the difference between the number of students enrolled in the beginning and at the end of the school year, as a percentage from the number of students enrolled in the beginning of the school year
  • Total dropout rates by level of education: similar definition based on the number students enrolled in the beginning and at the end of the study programme, by each education level
  • Success rates: the proportion of students having passed the final examination (e.g. having obtained the certification of the qualification) from the total number of students enrolled for the examination
  • Graduation rates: the number of students having successfully completed the school year divided by the number of students remained enrolled at the end of the school year

More information is available here

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