Indicator 5. Placement rate in VET programmes

a) Destination of VET learners at designated point in time after completion of training, according to the type of programme and the individual criteria (1);

b) Share of employed learners at designated point in time after completion of training, according to the type of programme and the individual criteria.

(1) For IVET: including information on the destination of dropout

Definition

Placement rate in VET programmes:
a) Proportion of VET programme completers who are placed either in the labour market, further education or training (including university) or other destination within 12-36 months after the end of programme;
b) Percentage of VET programme completers who are employed one year after the end of training.

Key Information

The following Questions & Answers may be useful in interpreting this indicator and in supporting its implementation.

Recommended Use

What is the policy rationale for Indicator 5 and what is it useful for?

The purpose of the policy is to support employability, to improve responsiveness of VET to the changing demands in the labour market and to support adapted training provision, including for disadvantaged groups.

Usefulness of Indicator 5

Indicator 5 is an output indicator which

  • May assist in supporting employability, improving responsiveness of VET to the changing demands in the labour market and supporting adapted training provision, including for disadvantaged groups;
  • May be used in the  planning, evaluation and review phases of the quality cycle;
  • May be used to monitoring  accessibility and attractiveness of VET programmes by demonstrating relevance of VET programme to employment and/or higher education;

May also be used for budgetary target setting.

Related Indicators

Which other EQAVET indicators may be used to improve understanding or provide additional information?

Indicator 3: Participation rate in VET programmes

Indicator 6: Utilisation of acquired skills at the workplace

Indicator 7: Unemployment rate

Indicator 8: Prevalence of vulnerable groups

Indicator 9: Mechanisms to identify training needs in the labour market

Technical and contextual caveats

Which specific issues should be considered in order to avoid misapplication or misinterpretation of this indicator?

  • This indicator may require a commissioned survey, which means that resource and response burden issues may apply;
  • The assessment of labour market demand for VET courses may be undertaken jointly by key stakeholders, e.g. VET institution and  employers conducting a survey of the current workforce to find out the most important ways of entry into occupations;
  • There are also possible data protection issues on accessing individuals’ records from particular programmes and following up destinations. Permissions need to be obtained from learners when they are undertaking training. It is possibly more practical for individual providers;
  • Data collection could contain, for example:
    - the position in the labour market: employed –searching employment- not searching employment;
    - basic job features: full time –part time; permanent – temporary;
    - the position in the educational and training system: Attending – not attending formal education and training activities;
    - vulnerable groups;
  • Consider if work placements should be counted;

Data sources from different databases would need a common identifier to link data.

Additional information

Which other issues may influence the use of this indicator?

  • The frequency of collecting these data will have an impact, and may make comparing data difficult;
  • It would be useful to get additional information from the persons who are employed if their job is in the field in which the training was made (employed in job related to training).

Technical Notes

Components: Which data elements are needed to generate this indicator?

Indicator 5a)
Numerator:
Number of VET programme completers by age and gender) who, within 12-36 months of the day they received their training credentials obtained employment, enrolled in further education or training or any other destination.
Denominator: Total number of VET programme completers.

Indicator 5b)
Numerator:
Number of VET programme completers (by age and gender) employed one year after the end of training.
Denominator: Total number of programme completers.

 

Formula: Which mathematical formula may be used for computing the indicator value?

Indicator 5a)
Number of VET programme completers ( by age and gender) who, within 12-36 months of the day they received their training credentials, obtained employment, enrolled in further education or training or any other destination to the total number of VET programme completers.

Indicator 5b)
Number of programme completers (by age and gender) employed one year after the end of training divided by the total number of programme completers x 100.

 

 

Reported Subgroups: Which subgroups are commonly reported for this indicator?

  • Need to consider relevance exclusively to IVET and/or CVET, i.e. relevant subgroups at national, regional and local level, IVET and CVET providers, migrant, gender; age; programme type and duration.

 

Data Requirements: What type of data may be useful to gather on this indicator?

Placement rate in VET programmes:

  • Destination: labour market, further education and training (including university) and other destinations;
  • Designated point: 1-36 months;
  • Data collection should contain:
    - the position in the labour market: employed –searching employment- not searching employment;
    - basic job features: full time–part time; permanent–temporary; dependent- independent;
    - the position in the educational and training system: attending – not attending formal education and training activities;
    - vulnerable groups.

NOTE: for further information on placement rate in VET programmes in Estonia, Hungary, United Kingdom (Northern Ireland), please click here

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