Indicator 8. Prevalence of vulnerable groups
a) Percentage of participants in VET classified as disadvantaged groups (in a defined region or catchment area) according to age and gender;
b) Success rate of disadvantaged groups according to age and gender.
Prevalence of vulnerable groups:
a) Percentage of participants and of programme completers from disadvantaged groups, defined at European and national level, from the total number of participants and VET programme completers;
b) Percentage of programme completers, from disadvantaged groups defined at European and national level, compared to the number of those entering.
The following Questions & Answers may be useful in interpreting this indicator and in supporting its implementation.
What is the policy rationale for Indicator no 8 what is it useful for?
The purpose of the policy is to give Background information for policy decision-making at VET-system level, to support access to VET for disadvantaged groups as well as adapted training provision for disadvantaged groups.
Usefulness of Indicator 8
This is a context indicator which
- May assist in giving background information for policy decision at system level and in supporting accessibility and adapted training provision of VET, particularly for disadvantaged groups;
- May be used for planning at system level, budgetary target setting and the assessment of the attractiveness and suitability of VET for vulnerable groups. It my also indicate the capacity of VET providers to deal with those groups;
- May be used in the planning, implementation, evaluation and review phases of the quality cycle.\
Which other EQAVET indicators may be used to improve understanding or provide additional information?
Indicator 3: Participation rate in VET programmes
Indicator 4: Completion rate in VET programmes
Indicator 5: Placement rate in VET programmes
Indicator 6: Utilisation of acquired skills at the workplace
Indicator 7: Unemployment rate
Indicator 10: Schemes used to promote better access to VET
Contextual and technical caveats
Which specific issues should be considered in order to avoid misapplication and/or misinterpretation of this indicator?
- Definition of “vulnerable group” at national level and used specifications (e.g. age level, type of population, participation and completion status, immigration status, ethnicity, income levels, disability status, a government’s social policy objective, etc.);
- Useful for IVET and CVET programmes, excluding informal but including non –formal VET;
- According to the definitions above, the prevalence of vulnerable groups relates only to indicator 8a;
- The indicator 8b measures the success rate (not the prevalence);
- Data sources from different databases would need a common identifier to link data.
Which other issues may influence the use of this indicator?
For some vulnerable groups clear definitions at European level are available and for those groups data can be provided through Eurostat. Those groups are the following: early school leavers (drop-outs); young unemployed people (under 25 years of age); long-term unemployed people (more than one year); older people (over 55 years of age); disabled people.
Components: Which data elements are needed to generate this indicator?
Numerator: Number of participants and of programme completers (by age and gender) from disadvantaged groups, defined at European and national level;
Denominator: Total number of participants and VET programme completers.
Numerator: Number of programme completers (by age land gender) from disadvantaged groups, defined at European and national level.
Denominator: Total number of programme entrants from disadvantaged groups.
Formula: Which mathematical formula may be used for computing the indicator value?
Number of participants and of programme completers (by age and gender) from disadvantaged groups, defined at European and national level divided by the total number of participants and VET programme completers x 100.
Number of programme completers (by age and gender) from disadvantaged groups, defined at European and national level, divided by the total number of programme entrants from disadvantaged groups x 100.
Reported Subgroups: Which subgroups are commonly reported for this indicator?
- Gender and age;
- People with low educational level, students with learning difficulties or learners with special educational needs;
- Imprisoned persons, migrants;
- Early school leavers (drop-outs);
- Long-term unemployed; young unemployed people (under 25 years of age), older people (over 55 years of age);
- Disabled people.
Data requirements: What type of data may be useful to gather on this indicator?
Prevalence of vulnerable groups:
- Scope: national level, IVET and CVET, excluding informal but integrating non – formal VET;
- Coverage: disadvantaged groups as defined at European level, including gender and age of disadvantaged groups.
NOTE: for further information on prevalence of vulnerable groups in Estonia and Hungary, please click here