Finland - Designing qualifications
In Finland, competence based qualifications have been designed by the ministry, trade unions, employers, training providers, teacher unions and student unions
Finland has been developing competence-based qualifications since 1994. The system recognises an individual’s competences regardless of how they have acquired them at work, at school or in some other way. The competence-based qualifications are set and supervised by qualification committees. The committees agree on the organisation of the tests with providers of education and other communities. Those participating in vocational training have an opportunity to take competence tests as part of their training. To acquire competence-based qualification candidates need to demonstrate vocational skills in these competence tests.
The vocational skills demonstrated in competence test are assessed at work and by training experts. Candidates also assess their own vocational skills. A certificate for completion of the competence-based qualification is awarded once all parts of the qualification have been completed to an acceptable standard by qualification committee.
These competence-based qualifications are part of the qualifications framework which is revised annually. At the beginning of 2008, the qualifications framework included 360 qualifications based on modules which are designed in collaboration with representatives from the world of work. Since 2008 adult vocational training has been based on over 3,500 modules, each of which is based on competences).
More information is available here