Greece - Designing qualifications based on learning outcomes

A major difficulty Greece faces in following European VET goals and objectives (e.g. the implementation of EQF, modularisation of VET curricula and the development of a credit system) is associated with applying the learning outcomes approach. As in many countries, Greece’s traditional educational practice connects the achievement of an award or qualification with the ‘inputs’ of the system, (e.g. the study programme, the teaching methods, teachers/trainers qualifications etc.) and/or the time needed to complete a programme. The shift to learning outcomes represents a major change in the Greek education system.

During Greece’s NQF referencing process (2014-2015) EOPPEP[1] developed a methodology to identify and design learning outcomes based on knowledge, skills and competence. This methodology takes account of work developed in EU funded projects and CEDEFOP’s work. In addition examples of the learning outcomes approach exist from earlier efforts to upgrade and modularise VET curricula. Since 2006 Greece has been engaged (Ministerial decree 110998/8-5-2006) in analysing occupational profiles and integrating the learning outcomes (we call them occupational standards) approach using the methodology of functional analysis. The shift from the previous system based on tasks to a new system based on function was chosen because it provides a broader interpretation of the content and assessment of the learning outcomes.

As a result of this process Greece has developed 202 job profiles based on occupational standards. These serve as a basis for defining the new educational content and assessment related standards. However, the use of learning outcomes in Greece is still limited.

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For more information on this case study click here [add hotlink to full text] or contact:

Angeliki Athanasouli – Manager of the Quality Assurance Department of EOPPEP

Email address:

Telephone: +30 210 270 9013

The National Organisation for the Certification of Qualifications and Vocational Guidance – EOPPEP (

Athens, Greece

This case study was prepared in 2017 as part of the work on EQAVET+ organised by the EQAVET Network.

[1] The National Organisation for the Certification of Qualifications and Vocational Guidance

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