Norway - Involvement of social partners at a national level

In 2004 Norway completed a major reform in VET. This created the National Council for VET alongside nine Vocational Training Councils which represent each of the VET subject areas. The new arrangements were completed in order to improve dialogue and communications between the authorities and social partners.


The National Council gives social partners a degree of influence on decisions without removing the responsibility of the state. Since its creation, almost all advice from the National Council has been accepted by the Ministry. Some measures have been taken by the Ministry without consulting the National Council. The three cornered approach between the Ministry, the National Council and the subject-based Vocational Training Councils helps to ensure training meets the needs of individuals and society.



The National Council has been involved in discussions on:



  • developing quality and reducing drop-out rates in VET;
  • the competences that underpin the curriculum in order to support a changing society;
  • the establishment, further development, or discontinuation of subjects, as social partners have the best insight into the labour market;
  • advising national VET organisations on effective practice based on existing evidence and research


For further information, please consult the VET in Europe – Country Report 2010 – Norway:

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