Germany - Supporting employability

In Germany, based on the social legislation, rehabilitation is an essential part of the vocational qualification system. The centres for vocational rehabilitation provide opportunities for individuals who have been injured at work to maintain restore and improve their employability.

One example of these centres is based in Nuremberg. It offers qualifications in 24 officially recognised professions in seven different sectoral areas (e.g. business and administration, IT and the environment). Individuals complete a two year course leading to formal qualifications which are assessed through with official examinations.

The four most important stages of the rehabilitation process are:

  • assessment by experts within the centres. Each participant’s vocational abilities are assessed and their training needs indentified. Based on the results, the organisations that finance the individuals’ rehabilitation (e.g. through pension insurance or institutions for statutory accident insurance and prevention) decide which qualification offers the best vocational training;
  • as part of the rehabilitation process, individuals receive guidance to accept a new role and support to help them adapt to the training. They learn how to succeed in employment despite their impairments and they are taught using techniques that are suited to adult learners.
  • the content of the qualification is delivered through activity-oriented approaches in training companies that simulate the vocational environment. The centres work with potential employers throughout the training. In order to ensure the training is successful participants are assisted by medical, psychological and socio-pedagogical experts;
  • the participants’ efforts to find a job are supported by a specialist careers service within each vocational rehabilitation centre.

More information is available at

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