Spain - Supporting the autonomous regions
Spain has a decentralised structure for education and training. It assigns roles and responsibilities to both the State and the Regions. One example of this is the way that national goals are set and monitored at the State level and decisions on standards, procedures of assessment, inspection and self-evaluation are made at a regional and institutional level.
The approaches used by the Autonomous Communities vary significantly. As such the following information focuses on the structural arrangements within the Spanish quality assurance system, rather than on the particular practice in one region. The national system creates vocational training, qualifications and accreditation that respond to social and economic demands. The 2002 legislation established:
- a national catalogue of occupational standards ;
- a procedure for recognising, evaluating and accrediting occupational qualifications acquired through on-the-job experience;
- information and guidance on vocational training;
- an evaluation system to support improvements in quality.
The catalogue includes 26 occupational groups with definitions for more than 140 professions. The catalogue was produced in collaboration with union and employers’ associations. These national arrangements are used at a regional and institutional level to support quality assurance (see Spain - creating a three-tiered evaluation system.) [hot link to other Spanish case study]