DEFINITION: Andragogy is premised on at least four crucial assumptions about the characteristics of learners that are different from the assumptions on which traditional pedagogy is premised . These assumptions are that as individuals mature:

  • their self-concept moves from one of being a dependent personality toward being self-directed human being;
  • they accumulate a growing reservoir of experience that becomes an increasingly rich resource for learning;
  • their readiness to learn becomes oriented increasingly to the developmental tasks of their social roles; their time perspective changes from one of postponed application of knowledge to immediacy of application, and
  • accordingly, their orientation toward learning shifts from one of subject-centeredness to one of performance-centeredness.

SOURCE: Knowles, M., S.(1980). The modern practice of adult education: from pedagogy to angragogy, Englewood Cliffs: Prentice Hall/Cambridge.

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