Definition 1: Systematic, long-term training alternating periods at the workplace and in an educational institution or training centre. The apprentice is contractually linked to the employer and receives remuneration (wage or allowance). The employer assumes responsibility for providing the trainee with training leading to a specific occupation.
Comment: In French, the term ʻapprentissageʼ relates to both apprenticeship and the process of learning (see ʻlearningʼ)
• the German ʼdual systemʼ is an example of apprenticeship.
Source: Cedefop, 2008c.
Source: Glossary- Quality in education and training CEDEFOP, Luxembourg: Publications Office of the European Union, 2011
Definition 2: Apprenticeship is a combination of on-the-job training and related instruction in which workers learn the practical and theoretical aspects of a highly skilled occupation. Apprenticeship programs can be sponsored by individual employers, joint employer and labor groups, and/or employer associations.
Source: Department of Labour, USA.
Definition 3: A system of training regulated by law or custom which combines on‐the‐job training and work experience while in paid employment with formal (usually off‐the‐job training). The apprentice enters into a contract of training or training agreement with an employer which imposes mutual obligations on both parties.
Source: McDowell, J., et al.(2011). A shared responsibility Apprenticeships for the 21st Century, Final Report of the Expert Panel, Commonwealth of Australia
Hyperlink: https://www.australianapprenticeships.gov.au/sites/ausapps/files/p ublication-documents/apprenticeshipsforthe21stcenturyexpertpanel_0.pdf
Definition 4: These [schemes]are fundamentally based on the integration of companies as training providers together with VET schools or other education/training institutes. In these programmes, learners spend a significant time on training in companies. In parallel, or in "alternating" periods, they acquire general and occupation-related knowledge and often complementary practical skills and key competences in VET schools or other education/training institutes (See also Work based learning, school based VET, WBL integrated in a school based programme).
Source: European Commission (2013). Work-based learning in Europe: practices and policy pointers, European Union.
Definition 5: Systematic, long-term training where periods at the workplace alternate with learning in an educational institution or training centre.
Source: Skills Panorama Glossary, Cedefop,European Union.
Definition 6: A system of training in both formal and non-formal education regulated by law or custom which combines on-the-job training and work experience while in paid employment with formal off-the-job training. The apprentice may enter into a contract of training or training agreement with an employer who imposes mutual obligations on both parties. (Adapted from: Deißinger & Hellwig 2011).
Source: IBE (2013).Glossary of curriculum terminology, IBE-UNESCO.
Definition 7: A system of training which usually combines on-the-job training and work experience with institution-based training. It can be regulated by law or by custom.
Source: ILO (2006). Glossary of key terms on learning and training for work, ILO.