DEFINITION 1: The process through which the progress and achievements of a learner or learners is measured or judged in compliance with specific quality criteria.
SOURCE: IBE (2013). Glossary of curriculum terminology, IBE-UNESCO.
DEFINITION 2: The process of establishing the extent to which a learner has attained particular knowledge, skills and competences against criteria such as learning outcomes or standards of competence.
SOURCE: Cedefop (2015). Ensuring the quality of certification in vocational education and training. Luxembourg: Publications Office. Cedefop research paper; No 51. http://dx.doi.org/10.2801/25991