Combined school and work based programmes

DEFINITION 1:  In combined school- and work-based programmes, less than 75% of the curriculum is presented in the school environment or through distance education. These programmes can be organised in conjunction with education authorities or institutions and include apprenticeship programmes that involve concurrent school-based and work-based training, and programmes that involve alternating periods of attendance at educational institutions and participation in work-based training (sometimes referred to as “sandwich” programmes).

SOURCE:  OECD (2013), Education at a Glance 2013: OECD Indicators, OECD Publishing. http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/eag-2013-en

HYPERLINK: https://www.oecd.org/edu/eag2013%20(eng)--FINAL%2020%20June%202013.pdf

DEFINITION 2:  Programmes are classified as combined school- and work-based if less than 75 per cent of the curriculum is presented in the school environment or through distance education. The 75 per cent cut-off point should be regarded as a general guideline that may need to be operationalized differently across countries. These programmes include: - apprenticeship programmes organised in conjunction with educational authorities or educational institutions that involve concurrent school-based and work-based training; and - programmes organised in conjunction with educational authorities or educational institutions that involve alternating intervals of attendance at educational institutions and participation in work-based training (programmes of training in alternation, sometimes referred to as “ sandwich” programmes.
 

SOURCE: UOE (2016). UOE Data Collection on formal education: Manual on concepts, definitions and classifications, Montreal, Paris, Luxembourg.

HYPERLINK: http://uis.unesco.org/sites/default/files/documents/uoe2016manual_11072016_0.pdf

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