Definition 1: In the simplest terms, ‘curriculum’ is a description of what, why, how and how well students should learn in a systematic and intentional way. The curriculum is not an end in itself but rather a means to fostering quality learning. (Source: UNESCO IBE 2011).
Source: IBE (2013). Glossary of Curriculum Terminology, IBE-UNESCO.
Definition 2: Inventory of activities related to the design, organisation and planning of an education or training action, including definition of learning objectives, content, methods (including assessment) and material, as well as arrangements for training teachers and trainers.
Comment: the term curriculum refers to the design, organisation and planning of learning activities while the term programme refers to the implementation of these activities.
Source: Cedefop, 2008; Landsheere, 1979.
Source: Cedefop (2014) Terminology of European education and training policy. Second edition. A selection of 130 key terms. Luxembourg: Publications office of the European Union.
Definition 3: Plan incorporating a structured series of intended learning outcomes and associated learning experiences - generally organised as a related combination or series of courses.
Source: Australian Thesaurus of Education Decriptors, Australia.