DEFINITION 1: A continuing function that aims primarily to provide managers and main stakeholders with regular feedback and early indications of progress or lack thereof in the achievement of intended results. Monitoring tracks the actual performance or situation against what was planned or expected according to pre-determined standards. Monitoring generally involves collecting and analyzing data on implementation processes, strategies and results, and recommending corrective measures.
SOURCE: Handbook on monitoring and evaluating for results.. UNDP, Evaluation Office, New York, 2002.
DEFINITION 2: A continuing function that uses systematic collection of data on specified indicators to provide management and the main stakeholders of an ongoing development intervention with indications of the extent of progress and achievement of objectives and progress in the use of allocated funds.
SOURCE: Adapted from Ten steps to a results- based monitoring and evaluation system, Kusek, J.Z. and Rist, R. C. The International Bank for Reconstruction and Development / The World Bank, Washington, 2004.
RELATED TERMS: assessment, evaluation, internal evaluation, external evaluation, impact evaluation, performance evaluation, process evaluation, self-assessment, self-evaluation