School-to-work transition

DEFINITION 1: The process of moving from education or training to employment, covering the period in which this change takes place.

SOURCE: Skills Panorama Glossary, Ccedefop, European Union.


DEFINITION 2: Standard transition concept:  the passage of a young person (aged 15 to 29 years) from the end of schooling to the first regular or satisfactory job.
Regular employment is defined in terms of duration of contract or expected length of tenure. The contrary is temporary employment, or employment of limited duration.
Satisfactory employment is a subjective concept, based on the selfassessment of the job-holder. It implies a job that the respondent considers to “fit” to his desired employment path at that moment in time. The contrary is termed non-satisfactory employment, implying a sense of dissatisfaction about the job.
Stricter transition concept: the passage of a young person (aged 15 to 29 years) from the end of schooling to the first decent or satisfactory employment.
Decent employment is defined as one that meets the following criteria: – has contractual arrangements that meet the expectations of the young worker; – qualifies as neither overemployment nor underemployment; – pays at or above the average monthly wage rate of young workers; – offers satisfactory job security; – offers the possibility for worker participation in labour unions or association of employer organizations; and – offers entitlements, among which are paid sick and annual leave.


SOURCE: ILO (2009). ILO school-to-work transition survey: A methodological guide International Labour Office, Geneva.



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