Standard

DEFINITION 1: A series of elements whose content is defined by concerned actors.

COMMENT: one can distinguish between several types of standards:
– competence standard refers to the knowledge, skills and/or competences linked to the practice of a job;
– educational standard refers to the statements of learning objectives, content of curricula, entry requirements as well as resources required to meet the learning objectives;
– occupational standard refers to the statements of the activities and tasks related to a specific job and to its practice;
– assessment standard refers to the statements of the learning outcomes to be assessed and the methodology used;
– validation standard refers to the statements of the level of achievement to be reached by the person assessed, and the methodology used;
– certification standard refers to the statements of the rules applicable for obtaining a certificate or diploma as well as the rights conferred.

According to the system, these standards can be defined separately or be part of one document.

SOURCE: Cedefop: Terminology of European education and training policy- a selection of 100 key terms

HYPERLINK: http://www.cedefop.europa.eu/EN/publications/13125.aspx

 
DEFINITION 2: It is a set of rules that control how people develop and manage materials, products, services, technologies, processes, and systems.

SOURCE: ISO 9000, 9001, and 9004 Quality management definitions. Praxiom Research Group Limited (2001-2010)

HYPERLINK: http://www.praxiom.com/iso-definition.htm

 

RELATED TERMS: benchmark, benchmarking

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